I said thought concepts are not things in the same way as a 'physical' object. It is a thing. It is a mental concept. Not only is it a thing, but it is all there is, because the physicality of it is an illusion. I'm a rationalist idealist and you are an empiracist materialist. Rationalists only use logic and reason including math. Empiracist materialists use sensory experience as a foundation and then try to use logic and reason on top of it. You are coming at this in the wrong way. Light, things that seem solid (but arent), and thought concepts are all things. Some things don't have the illusion of solidity, and some do. Photons occupy multiple spaces at the same time, and are not solid. Light is 0 or the mathematical point. A monad, in which there is infinity of, is zero or a mathematical point. There must be infinite zeros because if the conditions are such that one zero can exist, then it is compulsory that infinite zeros exist. Zero is a thing... a mental concept. If zero exists then automatically all numbers between one and infinity exist. This is why everything exists. It would be impossible for it not to exist. All that exists are infinite combinations of numbers, constantly changing. My goal is create the conditions necessary to solve this mathematical problem until all numbers cancel to zero. Materialist Empiracists by their very definitions do not have a foundation in logic, reason or mathematics. When the basis for all knowledge is sensory information, and reason is only complementary, you will come up with the wrong answers. Only rationalists use the rational foundation, so only they can come up with the correct answer to a question that is beyond the sensory experience. By the very definition of what rationalism is, this is a fact. Mathematics is the only thing that can explain zero and infinity. Because mathematics is a mental concept, all of reality must be a mental concept. Reality can only exist the simplest way possible. It can not create something other then it's self. You have to go against the very laws of rationalist philosophy to make this claim. The mathematical point is the simplest possible way to describe a monad. The simplest thing a point can do next is make a line. It is highly likely that non 'material' energy waves are these lines. That they are mathematical functions which our senses mistake as a physical world. Quantum physics is another place that points to this being the case. These claims I have made, begin in logic and reason and only with that basis have I used my senses to add to that basis. Your senses are useless if you dont do it in that order. Logic and reason first, and only then senses. Senses are not a rational basis. Mathematics IS logic and reason in its perfect form. Reality can be nothing else. If you can think of another thing that could describe our reality at the monadic level as perfectly as math, I would be open minded to hearing it however.